Воронежского государственного медицинского университета им. Н. Н. Бурденко



учебная РАБОТА



«General medicine»






I year students

Functional anatomy of the human skeleton, its parts, general characteristics. Bone structure, development and growth. Osteon. The influence of labor, sports, the external environment and other factors on the structure of the bones of the skeleton.

General arthrosindesmology. Classification of junctions. Joint structure, its main and auxiliary components. Biomechanics.

General  structure of the skull. Philo- and ontogeny of the skull. Basic concepts of craniometry: craniometric points, skull parameters, cranial index. Types of skulls.

Skull buttresses. Age-related anatomy of the skull. Applied aspects of craniology. Basic topographic formations of the skull.

Skeletal muscles. Classification. The structure of the muscle as an organ. Fundamentals of muscle and fascia topography. Auxiliary muscle formations. Biomechanics.

Functional anatomy of the muscles of the head and neck. Mimic muscles, their anatomical and topographic features. Facial expressions, social meaning of facial expressions. Masticatory muscles. Topography and fascia of the neck muscles.

Functional anatomy of the muscles of the trunk and limbs. Classification, origin. Weak spots of the anterior-lateral abdominal wall, diaphragm. Topography of muscles and fascia. Bony-fibrous and synovial sheaths of the tendons of the hand and foot.

Splanchnology. The concept of organ topography. General plan of the structure of the digestive tube. Components of the system. Types of digestion. The concept of anomalies and deformities. Classification of anomalies of internal organs.

II year students

Functional anatomy of the cranial nerves. Sense organs: anatomical and functional characteristics. Conductive pathways.

The autonomic nervous system. Centers and periphery. Sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions. Ganglia and plexuses. Connections with the cranial and spinal nerves. Principles of autonomic innervation of internal organs.

Peripheral nervous system. Components, fiber composition, classification, brief description. Principles of segmental innervation of the human body.

Cardiovascular system. Components, morphological and functional characteristics of arteries, veins, capillaries. The concept of the microcirculatory bed, collateral blood flow. Anastomoses, their role in hemodynamics.

Development of the human heart. Structure and topography. Valve apparatus, conductive system. Features of the blood supply and the venous outflow. The most important anomalies, development of the heart and large vessels. The structure of the heart in children.

Anatomy of the venous system. Features of the structure of the walls of venous vessels, and hemodynamics. Outflow of venous blood from various parts of the human body. Superior and inferior vena cava. Portal vein. Formation, topography, anastomoses.

The lymphatic system, as part of the vascular bed. The main components of the structure, functions. Anatomy of the thoracic (left) and right lymphatic ducts, their topography and connections with the venous system. The role of domestic scientists in the study of the lymphatic system (G.M. Iosifov, D.A. Zhdanov, etc.).

Private anatomy of the lymphatic system. The outflow of lymph from individual organs and parts of the human body.

Anatomy of human immune organs, clinical significance. Function anatomy of the human endocrine organs. Development, structure, classification.